Honda Braking System Parts Glossary

Your Honda Accord's braking system will always operate at its best when you use authentic, OEM parts for maintenance, repairs and upgrades on your vehicle. Due to the wintery weather conditions in Dartmouth, MA, it is important to complete all of your preventative maintenance on schedule and to care for your brakes on a regular basis. If you hear or feel anything unordinary when you are braking, have your brakes inspected, repaired or maintained. Do-it-yourself inspections and maintenance are possible for routine care, but if you are untrained and are experiencing a problem with your brakes, you should never hesitate to have your brakes professionally inspected, upgraded or repaired. We have the name brand parts and components needed for your braking system. Honda Parts Wholesale Direct is run by Colonial Honda of Dartmouth and offers Genuine OEM parts with up to a 32% discount. Honda Parts Wholesale Direct is located in Southern Massachusetts in North Dartmouth, near Providence, RI, and ships orders anywhere in the U.S. This article will provide you with a glossary of all of the components found in the braking system, which should help you to identify problems that you may be experiencing.

The Braking System and Operation Basics

The brake system has been used for more than 100 years and is extremely reliable and efficient. The typical disc braking system usually consists of disk brakes in front and disk or drum brakes in the rear of the vehicle. The Honda typically has disc brakes in the front and drum in the back. The system consists of a network of brake tubes and hoses that connect each brake and wheel to the master cylinder. When you have rear drum brakes, the brake fluid is forced into the cylinder, which presses the brake shoes outward, so the friction linings are positioned and pressed against the drum that is attached to the vehicle's wheel, and this causes the vehicle to slow and stop. Brakes work by converting motion into heat energy that stops the car. The friction on the pads in a disk brake system or on the shoes in rear drum brakes turns the vehicle's motion into heat, which evaporates. Heat will generate friction and wear the pads and shoes until they must be replaced. When you press your foot on the brake pedal, you are pressing a plunger inside of the master cylinder, which simultaneously forces hydraulic oil (brake fluid) through tubes and hoses that reach each wheel. The fluid is directed through the tubes many twists and turns and arrives at the wheels with precisely the same motion and pressure that it began with. The braking fluid must remain pure liquid without air bubbles in it. Because air can be compressed, this creates a sponginess when the pedal and it can severely reduce the vehicle's braking power. When air is suspected, then the braking system must be bled, which is a process that removes air. The master cylinder braking fluid is forced into a caliper and is pressed against a piston, which then squeezes the two brake pads against the rotor (disk). The rotor is attached to the wheel and forcing the vehicle to slow or stop. The automobile braking system operates similarly to the bicycle braking system, which uses two rubber pads to press against the wheel and rim to create friction that reduces the speed of the wheels and stops the bike. The disc braking system also includes systems that are interlinked, such as the power brake booster, parking brakes and the anti-lock braking system.

Important Parts in the Disc Braking System

1. Brake Pedal

This pedal is on the floor under the dash and is pressed with the driver's foot to slow or to stop the vehicle.

2. Master Cylinder

The master cylinder contains the vehicle's brake fluid. As the driver pushes the pedal down, a piston in the cylinder moves and pushes against the brake fluid., which creates hydraulic pressure. The amount of pressure depends on the diameter of the piston and on the amount of force that is exerted by the pedal. Brake tubes then carry hydraulic fluid to the four corners of the vehicle.

3. Brake Caliper

There are four brake calipers, and each is visible from the exterior of the vehicle through the wheel spokes. The caliper covers the brake rotor within the braking system. The brake pads are inside of these calipers. The brake pads are pressed downward against the rotor, which creates friction and reduces the speed of the vehicle and brings the vehicle to a complete stop.

4. Brake Pads

The brake pads touch the tires to apply friction which slows the car. The brake pad's material directly affects the amount of force that is needed to achieve rotor power output. The Honda brake pads will be worn with regular use, but they should also be inspected for uneven wear, breakage and cracks. When defects or signs of wear are seen, you should replace the brake pads. Your Honda Accord also has brake pad sensors. Stop-and-go traffic, abrupt stops, and daily use wear out the brake pads. Changing the brake pads before they damage the rotors is important.

5. Brake Pad Sensors

Audible brake pad sensors are located on the back plate of the brake pads. The sensor is an alert that is designed to make a squealing or scraping sound when the pads make contact with the brake rotor surface. This sound indicates that the pads are worn and must be replaced immediately. Replace the brake pad sensors along with your pads. Thanks to technology, brake pad sensors monitor the condition of the brake pads. A LED light indicator will also display a brake warning on the dash, which will let you know when the pads need to be replaced. A plastic bump on the rotor is ripped in half when the brake pads are worn, which creates an open circuit that lights an indicator on the dash. Brake pad LED sensors can only be used once. Our easy-to-use online catalog will help you to place your order.

6. Disc Brake Rotors

The rotors are also called braking discs. The pad is pressed against the disc to reduce the speed of the vehicle or to stop the wheels. The disc brake rotors provide a frictional surface for absorbing the heat that is created by the pressure of the pads. The heat is dispersed into the air that surrounds the rotors. Routine maintenance should include an inspection of the brake rotors (discs) on both sides of the car for defects or grooving. Replace your Honda's rotors immediately if you find substantial wear or defects. The discoloration of the rotors can also indicate that the brake system is overheating.

7. Wheels and Tires

The disc braking system exerts pressure on the tires to stop the Honda. Each component in the braking system works together as a unit to slow the tires. The rotor, which is bolted to tire and the rim, creates torque between the tire and pavement to stop the vehicle.

Troubleshooting Your Brakes

Inspect your braking system by checking the calipers, cylinders, hoses and fittings to locate any leaking hydraulic fluid. Examine the master cylinder, the reservoir and proportioning valve assembly. The master cylinder may need to be replaced or rebuilt. If the brake pedal is lower than normal or feels spongy, the pads may need to be changed; the calipers may be sticking, the brake fluid may be low. There may be hydraulic system problems if you can't pump the brakes up. If the brakes frequently require pumping up, you should replace the hydraulic fluid. Squeaking may be caused by dust or dirt or loose or worn pads. If the rotor is warped, it may create a rhythmic noise that pulsates. Honda Parts Wholesale Direct is located at 225 State Rd in North Dartmouth, MA. Call to request assistance at 888.240.2773 or email service@hondapartswholesaledirect.com. Enter your VIN HERE to locate high-quality, discounted parts for your braking system. Thank you for your business!